HEMP Amazing facts

Hempthanks to hemphasis.net for this info
There is no doubt in our minds that, from the            beginning of human existence until 1937, hemp was the            most important crop that man used. Food, fuel,            clothing, shelter — all available in a package the            size of a peppercorn, which will grow anywhere man            can live. When the US politicians regain some sanity, the queen of crops will return from exile.

Earliest History

10,000 BC: In Taiwan, the earliest-known hemp relic in existence.

8000 BC: In China, the earliest known cloth fabric is woven              from hemp.

 

5500 BC: Earliest known depiction of hemp in existence from Kyushu Island, Japan

4500 BC: China: Hemp is used for rope and              fishnets.

4000 BC: China uses hemp foods.

c. 3500 BC: Hemp rope was used in the construction of the pyramids because its great strength was ideal for working with large blocks of stone.

2800 BC: China makes first rope from hemp fiber.

2800 BC: Lu Shi (500 AD) mentions an Emperor who taught people to use hemp at 2800 BC.

2700 BC: China: Hemp was used for fiber, oil, and as a            medicine. Examples of each were purposefully left in tombs with  bodies.

1200 BC: Hemp cloth found in tomb of Pharaoh Alchanaten at El amarona. Records of apothecary form the time of Ramses III suggest hemp’s use for an ophthalmic prescription.

c. 1100 BC: City of Carthage uses hemp to dominate Mediterranean Sea as hemp is used in ships, rope, and as medicine.

1000 BC: Hemp is cultivated in India.

650 BC: Hemp is mentioned in cuneiform tablets.

450 BC: Greek historian Herodus claims that “hemp garments are            as fine as linen.” From Asia to Afghanistan to Egypt,            hemp was widely cultivated for its fiber.

 

c. 400 BC: Buddha was nourished with hempseed.

300 BC: A Carthaginian galley sank near Sicily was found with hemp onboard that was still identifiable after 2,300 years of salt water exposure.

200 BC: Greek Moschion wrote of hemp ropes used in the flagship Syracusi, and other ships of the fleet of Hiero II.

2nd Century BC: Roman writer Pausanaius noted hemp was grown in Elide.

100 BC: Chinese make paper (oldest surviving piece)            from hemp and mulberry.

Europe (A.D.)

1st Century AD: Pliny recommends hemp from Alabanda, a city of Cairn, in Asia Minor as the best hemp.

1st Century AD: Lucius Columella writing during the time of Agustus put forward hemp cultivation methods.

70: Hemp cultivated for the first time in England. By            400, hemp was a well-established crop.

3rd Century: Sample of hemp paper with Sanskrit characters in India.

500-1000: Hemp cultivation spreads throughout            Europe.

600: Germans, Franks, Vikings, etc. make paper, sails,            rope, etc. from Hemp.

6th century: A hemp-reinforced bridge is built in            France. The bridge actually petrified and is still strong            today.

7th Century: First known mention of hemp as a medicine in work of Suskota in India.

716: Shoes are constructed from hemp.

850: Viking Ships used hemp for their sails, ropes,            fishing nets, lines and caulking.

8th Century: Arabs capture Chinese craftsman and learn to make paper from hemp.

8th Century: Japan Princess Shotoku sponsored the first recorded printing in her country using hemp. Japan continued to use hemp throughout thier history. Shinto priests, and royal family wore special hempen clothes.

10th Century: A treatise on hunting by Syrian Sid Mohammed El Mangali records hemp’s use for game netting, and hemp seeds for bird lime. Hemp was used in these times in the mid-east as food, lamp oil, paper and medicine.

1000: Europe introduces hemp butter.

1000: The English word ‘Hempe’ first listed in a            dictionary.

1150: Moslems use Hemp to start Europe’s first paper            mill. Most paper is made from hemp for next 850            years.

Middle Ages: Knights drank hemp beer.

 

1215: Magna Charta was printed on Hemp paper.

14-15th Century: Renaissance artists committed their            masterpieces to hemp canvas.

1456: Guttenberg Bible printed on hemp paper.

1492: Hemp sails and ropes make Columbus’s trip to            America possible (other fibers would have decayed            somewhere in mid-Atlantic).

1494: Hemp papermaking starts in England.

1535: Henry VIII passes an act stating that all            landowners must sow 1/4 acre, or be fined.

1537: Hemp receives the name Cannabis Sativa, the            scientific name that stands today.

1563: Queen Elizabeth I decrees that land owners with            60 acres or more must grow hemp or else face a £5            fine.

1564: King Philip of Spain follows lead of Queen            Elizabeth and orders hemp to be grown throughout his            Empire from modern-day Argentina to Oregon.

16th Century: Hemp has wide cultivation in Europe for            its fiber and its seed, which was cooked with barley and            other grains and eaten.

c. 1600: Galileo’s scientific observation notes            written on hemp paper.

16th-18th Century: Hemp was a major fiber crop in            Russia, Europe and North America. Ropes and sails were            made of hemp because of its great strength and its            resistance to rotting. Hemp’s other historical uses were            of course paper (bibles, government documents, bank            notes) and textiles (paper, canvas), but also paint,              printing inks, varnishes, and building materials. Hemp            was a major crop until the 1920’s, supplying the world            with its main supply of food and fiber (80% of clothing            was made from Hemp).

17th Century: Dutch Masters, such as Van Gogh and            Rembrandt, painted on hemp canvas. In fact the word            canvas derives from the word “cannabis”.

1807: Napoleon signs a Treaty with Russia, which cuts            off all legal Russian hemp trade with Britain. Then The            Czar refuses to enforce the Treaty and turns a blind eye            to Britain’s illegal trade in Hemp.

1812 — 24th June: Napoleon invades Russia aiming to put            an end to Britain’s main supply of Hemp. By the end of            the year the Russian winter and army had destroyed most            of Napoleon’s invading forces. The Royal Navy depended on            the Russian hemp to stay afloat during their war with the            U.S., the War of 1812.

 

The Americas

1545: Hemp was introduced into Chile, then in 1554 to            Peru.

1606: French Botanist Louis Hebert planted the first            hemp crop in North America in Port Royal, Acadia            (present-day Nova Scotia).

1611: British start cultivating hemp in Virginia.

1631: Hemp used for bartering throughout American            Colonies.

1619: It became illegal in Jamestown, Virginia not to            grow hemp because it was such a vital resource.            Massachusetts and Connecticut passed similar laws in            1631, and 1632.

17-18th Century: Hemp was legal tender in most of the            Americas. It was even used to pay taxes, to encourage            farmers to grow more, to ensure America’s            independence.

1715, 1726 and 1730: Pro-hemp acts were signed to cut            European imports, to help the struggling colonies, who            spun hemp cloth, and printed bibles and maps on hemp            paper, drive for self-sufficiency.

1720 – 1870: Every township in Lancaster County            Pennsylvania grew hemp, flourishing just before the            Revolution. There were more than 100 mills that processed            hemp fiber.

1775: Hemp was first grown in Kentucky.

18th Century: Benjamin Franklin started the first Hemp            paper mill. This allowed America to have its own supply            of paper (not from England) for the colonial press.            Thomas Paine’s patriotic literature, which helped spark            the revolution, was printed on hemp.

1776: Declaration of Independence drafted on Hemp            paper. The U.S. Constitution was also printed on hemp            paper fourteen years later.

18th Century: Betsy Ross sews first American flag out            of hemp.

1791: President Washington sets duties on Hemp to            encourage domestic industry. Both George Washington and            Thomas Jefferson grew hemp on their plantations.

Make the most of the hemp seed. Sow it everywhere. –George Washington

Hemp is of first necessity to the wealth and              prosperity of the nation. — Thomas Jefferson

1801: Canada, on behalf of the King of England,            distributed hemp seed free to farmers.

19th Century: Hemp became the first crop to be            subsidized in Canada.

1802: Two extensive ropewalks were built in Lexington            Kentucky. There was also announced a machine that could            break “eight thousand weight of hemp per day” a huge            quantity for the time.

1812: War of: Sailors outfitted and propelled the U.S.            frigate Constitution “Old Ironsides” with more than 60            tons of hempen rope and sail.

Early 19th Century: The advent of steam and oil            powered ships reduced demand for hempen rigging.

19th Century: Center of hemp production shifted to the            Midwest

1835: Hemp spreads to Missouri. Hemp grown at            Californian missions.

1850: The United States Census counted 8,327 hemp            plantations growing it for cloth, canvas, and other            necessities.

 

After 1850: Hemp lost ground to cheaper products made            of cotton, jute, sisal and petroleum. Hemp was processed            by hand, which was very labor intensive and costly, not            lending itself towards modern commercial production.

1863: Abraham Lincoln wrote the Emancipation            Proclamation under light of hemp oil lamp.

1875: Hemp is introduced to Champaign IL, Minnesota by            1880, Nebraska by 1887, California by 1912, and Wisconsin            and Iowa by the early 1920s.

Late 19th Century: The American west was tamed with            hemp lassos and hemp canvas covered wagons. Hemp oil was            used extensively in lighting oil, paints, and            varnishes.

 

Late 19th & early 20th centuries: Increasing labor            costs encouraged a gradual shift away from hemp to            cotton, jute, and tropical fibers which were less labor            intensive. Hemp was used only for cordage and specialty            products like birdseed and varnish.

1892: Rudolph Diesel invented diesel engine, intended            especially for vegetable and seed oils.

1915: California outlaws Cannabis.

1916: Recognizing that timber supplies are finite,            USDA Bulletin 404 calls for new program of expansion of            Hemp to replace uses of timber by industry.

1917: American George W. Schlichten patented a new            machine for separating the fiber from the internal woody            core (“hurds”), reducing labor costs by over 90% and            increasing fiber yield by 600%. That, combined with            new technology to fashion paper and plastics from            hemp-derived cellulose, gradually breathed new life into            the industry.

1919: Texas outlaws cannabis.

1920-1940: Economic power is consolidated in hands of            small number of steel, oil and munitions companies, such            as Dupont, which became the US’s primary munitions            manufacturer. Dupont developed and patented fuel            additives such as tetraethyl lead and other petroleum            based products like nylon, cellophane and plastics during            this time. Mexican rebels seize prime timberland from            land belonging to newspaper magnate, paper and timber            baron, William Randolph Hearst.

1920-1970: Oil Barons Rockefeller, Standard Oil, and            Rothschild of Shell, etc., realized the possibilities of            Henry Ford’s vision of cheap methanol fuel, so they kept            oil prices at between one dollar and four dollars a            barrel (almost 42 gallons in a barrel), so that no other            energy source could compete with it, until 1970, after            all competition was erased, when the price of oil jumped            to almost $40/barrol over the next 10 years.

 

1931: Andrew Mellon, The Treasury Secretary, and Head            of Bank of Pittsburgh, which loaned Dupont 80% of its            money, appoints his niece’s husband, Harry J. Anslinger, to            head newly formed Federal Bureau of Narcotics (later            becoming the DEA).

1930s: Following action by the Federal Bureau of            Narcotics and a campaign by William Randolph Hearst,            propaganda is created against hemp from companies with            vested interest in the new petroleum-based synthetic            textiles. Even though hemp reinvented itself, thanks to            new technology that eased processing and expanded its            use, the timber (Hearst) and oil interests (Dupont,            Anslinger, Mellon) crushed competition from plant-based            cellulose by demonizing marijuana, and paralleling its            use to Mexican immigrants and later Black jazz musicians.            The effects of marijuana are demonized with such movies            as “Marijuana: assassin of youth,” Devil’s weed,” and            “Reefer Madness.” Throughout this assault hemp’s link to            marijuana is exaggerated.

1937: DuPont Corporation patents processes for making            plastics from oil and coal. The Marijuana Tax Act is            passed, a prohibitive tax on hemp in the USA, effectively            destroying the industry. Anslinger testifies to congress            that ‘Marijuana’ is the most violence causing drug known            to man. The objections by the American Medical            Association (The AMA only realized that ‘Marijuana’ was            in fact Cannabis or Hemp two days before the start of            hearing) and the National Oil Seed Institute are            rejected.

1937 – late 60s: US government understood and            acknowledged that Industrial Hemp and marijuana were not            the same plant.

1938: Popular Mechanics magazine, nearly at the same            time as the Marijuana tax act goes into effect, touts            hemp as first “billion dollar crop” and lists over 25,000            uses.

In 1938: Canada prohibits marijuana, and thus hemp            production, under the Opium and Narcotics Control            Act.

1940: World production of hemp peaked at about 832,000            tons of fiber.

1941: Popular Mechanics Magazine reveals details of            Henry Ford’s plastic car made using hemp and fueled from            hemp. Henry Ford continued to illegally grow hemp for            some years after the Federal ban, hoping to become            independent of the petroleum industry.

1941-1945: Hemp for Victory

During World War II, Japan cut off our supplies of                vital hemp and coarse fibers. The hemp was needed for                making, among other things, rope, webbing, and canvas, to                be used on navy ships. So a program was started to grow                hemp for military use under the banner of “Hemp For                Victory”. After the war, licenses were subsequently                revoked; concurrent with the last hemp crops being                grown in the U.K.

The U. S. Department of Agriculture              released an educational film called “Hemp for Victory”,              which showed farmers how to grow and harvest industrial              hemp. Hemp harvesting machinery was made available at low              or no cost. From 1942 to 1945, farmers who agreed to grow              hemp were waived from serving in the military, along with              their sons; that’s how vitally important hemp was to              America during World War II. The fields of hemp were              termed victory gardens, as were the backyard vegetable gardens also urged by the government.

1942: Patriotic farmers plant 36,000 acres of seed            hemp, an increase of several thousand percent from the            previous year.

 

1943: Both the US and German governments urge their            patriotic farmers to grow hemp for the war effort. The US            shows farmers a short film – ‘Hemp for Victory’ which the            government later pretends never existed. The United            States government has published numerous reports and            other documents on hemp dating back to the beginnings of            our country.

1945: The war ends and so does “Hemp for Victory”.            Feral hemp, “ditch weed”, still lines the back roads,            waterways, and irrigation ditches of most Midwestern            states, 60 years descended from “Hemp for Victory!”

1961: UN treaty allows for the cultivation of            industrial hemp.

1968: The last legal hemp crop is grown in            Minnesota

1970: The Controlled Substances Act (CSA) of 1970            recognizes industrial hemp as marijuana, despite the fact            that a specific exemption for hemp was included in the            CSA under the definition of marijuana. “Marijuana            Transfer Tax” declared unconstitutional by the US Supreme            Court.

1971: In Canada, cannabis, thus industrial hemp,            became caught up in the politics of the Opiate laws and            became classed as a restricted plant under the misuse of            drugs act.

1970s: ‘Spinning Jenny’ is invented and cotton prices            fall dramatically, making hemp’s demise in the Americas            complete.

Early 1990s: Global hemp production sank to its lowest            level.

Hemp’s Revival

1991: Hempcore become the first British company to            obtain a license to grow hemp.

Since 1992: France, the Netherlands, England,            Switzerland, Spain, and Germany have passed legislation            allowing for the commercial cultivation of low-THC hemp.            In fact, the E.U. has recently been promoting hemp            cultivation by providing subsidies of approximately $1400            per hectare to grow hemp.

 

1992: 124,000 tonnes of hemp fiber are produced by            mainly India, China, Russia, Korea and Romania, countries            where the cultivation of hemp has never been            prohibited.

1994: One license granted to Canadian company, Hempline            Inc., to grow low-THC hemp under the strict supervision            of the authorities, for research purposes only. President            Clinton included hemp as a strategic food source in an            executive order.

1995: In England, The Cornish Hemp Company Ltd was set            up to produce hemp and set up the infrastructure to            realize the current potential for industry.

1996: The American Farm Bureau Federation, the largest            farming organization in the United States with 4.6            million members, passed a resolution unanimously to            research hemp and grow test plots.

1998: March: Canada passes proposed regulations, and            as a result hemp can be grown commercially in Canada for            the first time in sixty years.

1998: The Oglala Sioux Tribe on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota legalized hemp.

1998: While running for governor, Jesse Ventura            announces his support for industrial hemp. Within weeks            Venturaís numbers jump from 7% to 38%.

1999: 14 States introduced legislation that endorsed            the commercialization of industrial hemp with varying            success. Hawaii gets permit from DEA to plant an            industrial hemp test field.

2000-2002: Alex White Plume grows hemp on Pine Ridge            Lakota Sioux reservation in SD and the DEA destroy the            crops near harvest time, not making any arrests, thereby            distinguishing between marijuana and hemp.

Nov. 2000: Alex White Plume and his family receive            hemp from the Kentucky Hemp Growers to replace the hemp            destroyed in the two years prior by the DEA.

2001: “Hemp car” crosses North America using hemp            bio-diesel fuel, stops in Watertown SD.

Oct. 9, 2001: DEA arbitrarily bans all hemp foods in            order to disrupt the domestic market. Hemp importers and            their suppliers sue. Supreme Court temporarily injoins            implementation of DEA’s unilateral proclamation. Still in            court.

May 2002: South Dakota becomes first state to get the            issue of industrial hemp farming on the state ballot. A            poll indicates that 85% of registered South Dakotans            favor legalizing industrial hemp.

Aug 2002: Alex White Plume becomes first farmer since            1968 to cultivate and sell a hemp crop in the United            States. The crop is bought by  Madison Hemp &            Flax, a Kentucky company.

Nov 2002: So. Dak. voters reject industrial hemp, but            38% vote for it. Hemp wins on Indian reservations.

Feb. 2004: 9th Circuit US Court of Appeals holds that            DEA can not regulate hemp foods.

Currently: Hawaii’s, West Virginia’s, Minnesota’s, Montana’s, and North Dakota’s legislatures have passed laws removing state barriers to hemp production, but the federal government refuses to allow them to grow hemp. You don’t have to get an online MBA to understand how advantageous it would be to grow hemp in the US, nor do you need an online masters in criminal justice to realize that  hemp products should not be outlawed. Most hemp materials are imported from China, Hungary, and  Canada.


Resources for Hemp              Chronology

Abel, Ernest. Marijuana, The First 12,000 Years (Plenum Press, New York 1980)

Conrad, Chris: Hemp: Lifeline to the Future (©1993 Chris Conrad, Los Angeles)

Herer, Jack: The Emperor Wears No Clothes,            (©1985 HEMP Publishing, Van Nuys CA)

Michaux, Andre, Travels to the West of the            Alleghenies, 1805

Moore, Brent. A study of the past, the present and            future of the hemp industry in Kentucky, 1905

Robinson, Bob, “Dr. Hemp”, experimenter at U. of MN            1960-1968

Roulac, John: Hemp Horizons

Schoenrock Ruth, Hemp in Minnesota During the            Wartime Emergency,1966

Stratford, Peter. Psychedelics Encyclopaedia (ISBN 0-9114171-51-8)

Yearbook of the Dept of Agriculture, 1913

US Dept of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant          Industry, Bulletin #153, 1909

 

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About homeopathyginatyler

Classical Homeopath, Certified CEASE practicioner Los Angeles,Calif,USA www.ginatyler.com View all posts by homeopathyginatyler

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